Central, North American, Caribbean Countries Address Migration Challenges in the Context of the 2030 Agenda


Date Publish: 
10/12/2018

Tags: 
CRM, migración, ods, Agenda 2030

Panama City – The UN Migration Agency, IOM, held this week (9-10/10) a preparatory workshop with the goal of adopting lines of action to mainstream migration into the implementation of the 2030 Agenda in Central and North America. 

The workshop, the second of its kind, was co-organized by IOM and the Regional Conference on Migration (RCM), with the support of UN partners including UNDP, UNHCR, UNFPA, ILO and the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). Foreign affairs officers, migration agencies and officers responsible for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda from North and Central America and the Caribbean participated in the event.

“The 2030 Agenda offers us a unique opportunity to work together for equality and human rights,” said Marcelo Pisani, Regional Director of IOM for Central and North America and the Caribbean. “Some of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) are critical to addressing migration in a comprehensive manner. Therefore, providing support to countries efforts to align their migration governance with the SDGs is a priority for IOM.”

During the workshop, the participants also learned about the preliminary results of a diagnosis of the Adoption of the 2030 Agenda and Migration in the countries of the region, which provides valuable insight to understand the complex dynamic between migration and development. The study is in the process of being validated and will be available later.

Also, IOM presented the Migration and the 2030 Agenda: A Guide for Practitioners to participating countries. 

“There is a need better understand how migration and migrants can shape the achievement of development and vice versa,” said Joanne Irvine, an officer for the IOM-UNDP Global Joint Programme on Mainstreaming Migration into National Development Strategies. “Migration is a powerful driver of development both for migrants and for their communities of origin, transit, and destination.”

The event took place in the context of the project Supporting Countries in the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals Linked to Migration Governance, implemented by IOM Panama and financed by IOM Development Fund (IDF). The project aims to strengthen governments' capacities to advance the fulfilment of the 2030 Agenda related to migration governance.

The Lines of Action will be presented at the Vice-Ministerial Meeting of the RCM that will take place between November 12-15 in Panama, to be used as guidelines for member States of the Conference.

Since its creation in 1996, the Regional Conference on Migration has worked for the convergence of efforts to protect the human rights of migrants by strengthening the linkages between migration and development.

For more information, please contact Jorge Gallo at IOM Regional Office for Central and North America, and the Caribbean, Phone: +506 2212-5352, Email: jgallo@iom.int


It’s Time to Think Universal!

Date Publish: 
22 / 03 / 2019

Geneva – IOM´s successful Tuberculosis (TB) control efforts have surpassed their targets, benefiting communities in countries of origin and destination for migrants around the world. IOM´s successful Tuberculosis (TB) control efforts have surpassed their targets, benefiting communities in countries of origin and destination for migrants around the world. The sustained high treatment success rate is largely attributed to early detection, active case finding, directly observed treatment (DOT) and targeted patient-centred, migration-sensitive care. 

In today’s increasingly mobile and interconnected world, with about 258 million international and 760 million internal migrants[1], migration must be recognized as a social determinant of health, impacting upon every individual’s vulnerability and well-being. Migration also profoundly affects the lives of families back home, as well as people in communities of origin, transit and destination world-wide.

Despite well-established diagnosis and treatment regimens, TB remains a public health burden in many parts of the world and a leading infectious killer, with an estimated 10 million new cases andapproximately 1.3 million deaths in 2017[2], disproportionately affecting poor and marginalized populations, such as migrants. TB prevention and control efforts often do not address the specific vulnerabilities of migrants, which leads to delayed diagnosis and/or discontinued treatment.

The way in which many migrants travel, live and work, can carry risks for their physical and mental well-being.   Many work in dangerous, difficult and demeaning jobs, and live in isolation and sub-standard housing. Others may be detained in over-crowded detention facilities or live in camps as refugees or internally displaced persons. Migrants are thus among the vulnerable groups that face a particularly high level of TB risk factors.

In addition, migrants face barriers to accessing health services due to language and cultural difference, and administrative hurdles. Migrants are often excluded from social protection in health and are invisible to Universal Health Coverage (UHC) programmes. As a result, many migrants pay out-of-pocket to get the health services they need, which may result in catastrophic health expenditure, delayed and substandard care.

It’s time for inclusion of migrants!  Worldwide, in 2018, IOM conducted more than 376,800 pre-departure health assessments for migrants and refugees and detected 584 active cases of TB, which translates to a TB detection rate of 155 per 100,000 health assessments. Active TB cases were either confirmed by sputum culture or diagnosed based on clinical and radiological findings. IOM works in collaboration with National TB Programs and is committed to accelerate the end of TB through the strengthening of migrant-sensitive health systems, able to assess and focus on the specific vulnerabilities and conditions of the migrant population. (see video with story from Jordan)   

It's Time to set ambitious goals for treatment success, which is possible based on the success story from IOM’s Migration Health Assessment Centre in Nairobi, Kenya, where DOT clinics surpassed targets with comprehensive care, by including active reach-out to patients and nutritional support, ensuring that neither patients nor their households suffer catastrophic costs due to TB, a key element in achieving the target 3.8 of the Sustainable development goals (SDGs).

Successful treatment of TB hinges on DOT and patient-centered, migration-sensitive care, where an individual’s specific health needs, migration related vulnerabilities and desired health outcomes are taken into consideration. Treatment of persons testing positive is a core part of IOM’s health assessments for migrants, including refugees prior to resettlement. From 2010 to 2016, IOM’s Migration Health Assessment Centre in Kenya diagnosed 426 cases of active TB, treating 363 of them at IOM Kenya’s TB DOT clinics, while the others were referred for treatment. IOM Kenya’s TB DOT clinics sustained high treatment success rates over this period, ranging from 90% to 100%.

It’s time to be accountable to the TB commitments. IOM’s experience has shown that failing to address the health of migrants has severe consequences for the well-being of millions of migrants and communities of origin, transit and destination. Migrants urgently need to be included at global, national and local prevention and control strategies to end the TB epidemic, in line with the objectives of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and the Resolution 70.15 of the World Health Assembly on Promoting the health of refugees and migrants (2017).

Moreover, the End TB Strategy, the Moscow Declaration and the UN High Level Meeting Declaration “United to End Tuberculosis” afford a tremendous opportunity to ensure and commit at the highest level to not leave migrants behind and promote cross-border collaboration amongst countries towards reducing TB and HIV burden. Jacqueline Weekers, Director of IOM’s Migration Health Division said: “Ending TB means addressing the intrinsic linkages between population mobility and tuberculosis as well as acknowledging that UHC is only real if high risks groups are accounted for”.

For more information please contact IOM HQ

Carlos Van der Laat, Tel +14227179459, Email: cvanderlaat@iom.int