IOM, the UN Migration Agency, has made a commitment to help Governments to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
In Central America, North America, and the Caribbean, IOM is working to ensure that the goals linked to migrants’ rights remain part of the Government agendas, by strengthening national and regional capacities for collection, analysis and dissemination of migration data, with emphasis on data collection to access to rights of migrants. The achievement of the goals related to migration will depend on the awareness of the links between migration and development, and the full consideration to the conditions of vulnerability of irregular migration.
Monitoring specific migration-related SDG targets and their impact in the next few years is also a task to which IOM has made a commitment at the regional level. The following SDGs are those that apply to migration-related issues:
The first Sustainable Development Goal aims to “End poverty in all its forms everywhere”, and its target 1.5 seeks to increase people’s resilience to climate change or social, economic and environmental disasters, which generates forced displacements of hundreds of thousands of people per year.
The third SDG ensures healthy lives and promotes well-being, and the target 3.8 pursues the principle of universal health coverage, benefiting all migrants who generally face major challenges to access healthcare.
The fourth SDG establishes quality education for everyone, and the target 4.b proposes to increase worldwide available scholarships for developing countries towards the year 2020. Facilitating student mobility is the key to achieving this objective.
The fifth SDG proposes gender equality, and target 5.2 specifically aims to eliminate all forms of violence against women and children, including trafficking victims.
The eighth SDG seeks to promote decent work and economic growth, and target 8.8 refers to the protection of labor rights of migrant workers.
The tenth SDG plans to reduce inequality. Specifically, target 10.7 proposes to facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migrations through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies.
The eleventh SDG promotes sustainable communities and cities. Target 11.5 seeks to reduce the number of deaths and reduce economic losses caused by natural disasters that often lead to the forced displacement of hundreds of thousands of people.
The thirteenth SDG focuses on the need for urgent action to combat climate change, and target 13.2 aims to mainstream measures related to climate change into national policies, strategies and development plans, which need to consider environmental migration.
>The sixteenth SDG pursues peace, justice, and strong institutions and target 16.2 specifically seeks to put an end to human trafficking and all forms of violence and torture towards children.
The seventeenth SDG proposes the establishment of alliances to reach these objectives. Target 17.18 specifically seeks to increase the availability of timely, reliable and quality data disaggregated by different variables, including the migratory status of individuals.