Migration Governance

The challenge of managing migration has grown dramatically over the past few decades as more and more people are driven to move out of their homes by diverse economic, political, social and environmental factors.

Six essential elements to make migration safe, orderly and regular

Migration connects countries, cities and communities. It follows long-standing mobility patterns or creates new ones as political, social and economic conditions change.  Migration reflects shared histories, responds to economic needs, and fosters cultural ties. It poses challenges and offers opportunities for both migrants and societies.

Around 258 million international migrants live in today´s world – around 3.4 percent of the total population.  Yet, migrants contributed USD 6.7 trillion – or 9.4 percent – to global GDP in 2015. That is 4 percent more than if they had stayed home.  Ninety percent of this economic benefit is captured by 25 countries receiving migrants.

Contributing to the design and implementation of evidence-based migration policies: The use of administrative records on migration in Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean

Evidence-based migration policies are a fundamental component of good migration governance. Information and data, and policies based on them, are essential elements for compliance with goals 10.7 and 17.18 of the 2030 Agenda. In this regard, recent studies warn of multiple challenges to ensure the availability of useful, updated data and information about migrations. Additionally, these studies agree that there are still limitations in coordination between countries (and sometimes between institutions within the same country) to facilitate the exchange of data and information in this area.

5 key aspects of migration management that must be addressed through international cooperation

According to the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations (DESA), the world population currently has four trends that have direct implications for sustainable development: population growth, population aging, urbanism, and international migration. While the first three trends are matters of local or national management, comprehensive migration management requires cooperation between countries of origin, transit, and destination.

Characteristics of the process for gathering and using administrative records on migration in Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean

Evidence-based migration policies are a fundamental component of good migration governance. However, several recent studies and assessments review the multiple challenges to ensure the availability of up-to-date data and information and to understand the reality of migrations in the region.


Migration in Jamaica: A Country Profile 2018

The recent Migration Profile for Jamaica shows that emigration continues to be greatly in excess of immigration. The overall trend of decreasing numbers of permanent emigrants to the three traditional and still major destinations –United States, United Kingdom and Canada – continued but numbers trended downwards from around 29,000 in 2006 to less than 23,000 in 2015.


Migratory movements in Central and North America have been determined by diverse political, economic, environmental, social and cultural factors. Due to their complexity, migration processes at national and regional levels reveal a great number of challenges, so cooperation and dialogue between countries and agencies is essential to address them properly.

Migration Governance in the Caribbean - Report on the Island States of the Commonweath Caribbean

The purpose of this report is to offer a comprehensive view of the current state of migration governance in the ten independent Commonwealth Caribbean states and identify gaps and needs for future development. This report is not intended to provide an exhaustive background of migration in the Caribbean, but rather is meant to be used as an informative tool for the governments of the countries of the study, IOM, and other international stakeholders. 

Migratory Governance - Caribbean states

The Caribbean has witnessed numerous waves of migration throughout history. Region wide economic stagnation; limited job opportunities; natural disasters such as floods, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes and earthquakes; have been important push and pull factors in the Caribbean, able to cause large and unforeseen migration flows.

IOM, the UN Migration Agency, promotes that migration takes place in a humane and orderly manner, providing services and assistance to governments and migrants. As part of this mission, IOM advocates and engages only in those migration governance initiatives that represent the best solutions, both for migrants and for their countries and communities of origin, transit, destination and return. Based on this principle, IOM does not engage, participate or advocate for any type of forced return, including deportations. Deportation is the act of the State in the exercise of its sovereignty by which it sends a foreigner out of its territory, to another place, after refusing its admission or if the permit to remain in that State has been terminated.