Migration and Gender

Why has the vulnerability of victims of human trafficking increased during COVID-19?

Human trafficking exists before, during and after crises such as COVID-19. However, during a crisis there are factors that increase the vulnerability of some groups of people to potential traffickers, such as limited access to services, loss of employment, and reduction of working hours. These situations can place people in settings where their needs and that of their families may be compromised. At the same time, a crisis can also aggravate the situations of those who are already victims of trafficking.

The impacts and implications of the COVID-19 coronavirus are different for men and women and may create greater inequalities for people who are in vulnerable positions, such as migrants, according to UN Women.

Organizations around the world are aware of this inequality and have warned about the urgent need to look at existing realities from gender and intersectional perspectives that allow for the identification of these inequalities and, at the same time, incorporate greater protection and assistance to more vulnerable populations in response plans.

An increasing number of women are migrating independently from Central America and the Caribbean. Women represent 58.9 per cent of migrants from Caribbean countries and 50.3 percent from Central America. Moving abroad offers a range of potential opportunities and challenges, which are impacted by a person’s gender in complex and multifaceted ways.

Event Memory on the First Congress on Women in Migratory Contexts

The Regional Conference on Migration (CRM), as a regional consultation process committed to the Human Rights of migrants, has promoted various initiatives throughout its 23 years of existence. “Migrant women” is a current theme with a very significant impact on regional migration dynamics, and requires strengthening from the regional and internal levels of the Member Countries of this conference.


Guidelines for the care and protection of women in the context of migration


This document responds to the commitment of the eleven Member Countries of the Regional Conference on Migration (CRM) to promote, protect and guarantee the rights of migrant women in the region, in accordance with their international commitments. The countries of origin, transit, destination and return of the CRM join their efforts for migrant women through this document, which will serve as a reference for the development, design and implementation of actions at the national level in each of the eleven countries.

Empowering Caribbean women through migration

To fully understand the Caribbean region, one must look at migration and its effects. This region has experienced - and is still experiencing - several migratory movements which have contributed to the configuration of Caribbean societies. The feminization of migration, the emigration of skilled professionals to developed countries and intra-regional migration are some of the current trends in the region.

Working to Prevent and Address Violence Against Women Migrant Workers

Traditionally, the female migration has been motivated by family reasons. However, today an increasing number of women are migrating independently in order to improve their employment and economic opportunities. Because they are women, they are subject to a double vulnerability condition during the migratory journey. In that sense, this publication presents a series of actions to combat violence affecting migrant women workers


Crushed Hopes: underemployment and deskilling among skilled migrant woman

Disqualification reflects the existence of impediments affecting the mobility of people and their talents; however, this phenomenon does not affect equally men and women. Due disqualification is a problem that affects mostly females, in this publication are analyzed the professional problems that qualified migrant women face and the consequences that this has on their personal well-being and family relations. Case studies from the UK, Geneva and Quebec are also discussed.