Migration and Development

Why Sustainable Migration in the Caribbean is an Opportunity for Investment

The economic impact of migration is still often driven by negative perceptions, jeopardizing efforts to adapt migration policies to the new economic and demographic challenges that many countries in the Caribbean are facing. The matter of fact is that movement of people can be crucial for development in a globalizing world and it has potential economic benefits. Therefore, this phenomenon requires a carefully-designed, sustainable policy response, and reports indicate that it needs to be seen as an opportunity for all.

Migration and development: A symbiotic relationship

 

Do immigrants work competitively or do they take away jobs from nationals? Do they contribute to the economy or saturate services? Evaluations about the impact of migrants in another country, especially when it comes to a constant flow between two territories, are often based on perceptions, not data. 

Migration is a powerful driver of sustainable development. Migrants represent approximately 3% of the world's population, but they produce more than 9% of world GDP, some $3 trillion more than if they had stayed in their place of origin, according to  data from IOM and McKinsey & Company.

More than a popular sport in our societies, soccer is part of people’s identity construction. Regardless of the origin, social class or skin color, if there is anything that gives a sense of identity and belonging, it is this sport. It doesn’t matter if it is played with an original ball or a recycled bottle; everyone shouts goal with the same emotion!

In Central America, different cities face different problems generating employment opportunities and quality education for their young populations.Those obstacles cause the young to migrate—usually to other cities or countries in the hope of improving their living conditions. Unfortunately, in most cases, this international migration occurs irregularly, exposing young people to different risks and dangerous conditions.

Futurology, that is, the discipline (or art?) of guessing the mediate and distant future in a systematic way; it has always been reserved for a few philosophers, adventurers, scientists, writers, filmmakers and more recently for a growing number of geeks and dreamers. However, thinking about the future must be everyone's business. Because imagining scenarios helps to make decisions and forecasts for what may come, but also to avoid risks and avoid obstacles to achieve the future we want.

Four opportunities to strengthen OCAM’s outreach

On November 15, the 45th Ordinary Meeting of the Central American Commission of Migration Directors (OCAM) was held in Guatemala City. OCAM has joined the Central American Integration System (SICA), which was created in October 1990, in San José, Costa Rica, at the request of the Central American Presidents within the framework of the Central American Economic Action Plan (PAECA). PAECA brings the migration authorities of the region together, including Panama, Mexico and the Dominican Republic. 

They have created new ways to express themselves, have fun, relate to others, and even new ways of living. Some of them publish videos on a monthly or weekly basis, but the most active ones, publish videos almost every day. The list of issues they talk about is huge, from fashion to videogames, they achieve to capture the attention of their hundreds to even thousands and millions of followers.

After several years of work, the World Summit of Sustainable Development (WSSD) held in New York on 25 to 27 September 2015, resulted in the adoption of the Declaration on Sustainable Development: “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. The Declaration is based on the principle of “leaving no one behind” and officially entered into force on January 1st 2016.

The world’s experience with globalisation — the widespread transfer of peoples, technologies and cultures — did not begin in our time. Scholars argue that it dates back to 1492, when European migration, together with movements of Asians, Africans and Native Americans, forged the global relationships that help shape life to this day.