Labour Migration

Solutions to address the labor exploitation of migrant populations in Central America

Migrants face different challenges when they settle in their destination countries, including their entry into the labor force. Studies such as CEPAL (link in Spanish) indicate that irregular migrants are more likely to experience poor working conditions and be employed in low-skilled jobs. Including those who obtain a regular status, in some countries, migrants receive salaries below the average of nationals.

The new dynamics of migration in the Americas are closely linked to the search of new opportunities of employment and income generation.

The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that around 27% of all migrant workers worldwide are in the Americas (37 million in North America and 4.3 million in Latin America and the Caribbean), a figure which is increasing.  Between 2010 and 2015, the number of migrant workers in the region increased by 34 per cent.

Mapping Jamaica’s Diaspora

In keeping with its mandate, the Internati onal Organization for Migration (IOM) in collaboration with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade (MFAFT) conducted a mapping survey among a sample of Jamaicans living outside of the country. The principal aim of the survey was to determine the location, interest and skills of those who comprise the diaspora.

English

The Caribbean is both a region of origin, transit, and destination of extra-regional and intraregional migration flows, and experiences considerable cases of return migration. Migration has constantly shaped the history of this region. It is important to stress the heterogeneity of the region which is reflected on a composition of both large and small islands as well as mainland countries located in South America (Suriname and Guyana) and Central America (Belize). Due to its enormous geographic, historic, cultural, demographic and socioeconomic diversity, the Caribbean is a challenging region to study when focusing on migration and remittances.