Environmental Migration

This is what new displacements due to violence and disasters in the Americas look like

According to the 2020 report from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), in 2019 there were 33.4 million new internal displacements in the world, of which 24,855,000 were due to disasters and 8,553,800 due to conflict and violence. This represents the highest figure registered annually since 2012.

Extremos hidrológicos y migración: ¿Cómo el agua influencia los movimientos migratorios?


 “Today environmental problems play a role in migration. Some migrations occur when there is either too much water, as in rising seas, tsunamis and floods, or not enough water. In these countries people depend on the environment for their livelihoods.”

Wennersten, John R. and Denise Robbins. Rising Tides: Climate Refugees in the 21st Century.

Why is COP25 on climate change also a summit on human mobility?

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP25) is the most important annual event on this issue, as it allows its parties to advance in the design and implementation of measures to mitigate and adapt to climate change. This will be the last Convention before the Paris Agreement in 2020 enters into force and should allow for the completion of its regulation and to review the progress of the parties' commitments.

Food security and emigration | Why people flee and the impact on family members left behind in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras | Summary

Emigration (or out-migration) trends in Central America are conditioned by political and socioeconomic conditions in the region and increase in response to civil strife and poverty. This study collected and analysed data on food security and environmental and climatic factors as potential triggers for out-migration. The geographical focus of the study was El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, particularly the most vulnerable part of these countries known as the Dry Corridor.


Food security and emigration | Why people flee and the impact on family members left behind in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras | Research report

Building on the results and recommendations of the exploratory study on the links between Migration and Food Security (“Hunger without Borders”, 2015), WFP and its partners decided to further study linkages between food insecurity and migration, relying on qualitative and quantitative analysis. 

Planned Relocation: Four points to consider in a changing environment

Caribbean countries are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, both in the form of sudden-onset disasters (hurricanes, floods) as well as slow onset events such as sea level rise and land degradation. 

Disasters: the factor that internally displaces the most people in the Americas
On May 2019, the Internal Displacement Observatory (IDMC) published its global report on internal displacement due to conflicts and disasters. The report details new occurrences and confirms the persistence of political instability, chronic poverty and inequality, environmental and climate change as drivers of cyclical and protracted displacement.

Central and North America: Migration and displacement in the context of disasters and environmental change

This paper aims to brief policymakers on the nexus of migration, displacement, disasters and environmental change in Central and North America, as well as on normative and policy responses, specifically focusing on cross-border movements within the region.