Emigration (or out-migration) trends in Central America are conditioned by political and socioeconomic conditions in the region and increase in response to civil strife and poverty. This study collected and analysed data on food security and environmental and climatic factors as potential triggers for out-migration. The geographical focus of the study was El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, particularly the most vulnerable part of these countries known as the Dry Corridor.
Building on the results and recommendations of the exploratory study on the links between Migration and Food Security (“Hunger without Borders”, 2015), WFP and its partners decided to further study linkages between food insecurity and migration, relying on qualitative and quantitative analysis.
(Available only in Spanish) This publication seeks to determine the state of integration of references to mobility in climate frameworks, and identifies a series of opportunities to make concrete progress in this area.
This paper aims to brief policymakers on the nexus of migration, displacement, disasters and environmental change in Central and North America, as well as on normative and policy responses, specifically focusing on cross-border movements within the region.