The current outbreak of the coronavirus COVID-19 is, above all, a health problem. However, it also has unprecedented consequences for mobility, as it has involved changes in the management of migration and borders, and in the situations of migrants.
The COVID19 pandemic has sparked differing responses throughout the world. In Central America and the Caribbean, a common response has been the closure of borders or alterations in border management policies.
In implementing these changes and working through the pandemic, IOM offers the following five recommendations to personnel involved in Immigration and Border Management.
The novel coronavirus or COVID-19 has affected everyone, forcing people to make adjustments in their ways of life. Different groups have different needs and requirements, including migrants, refugees, asylum seekers, displaced persons and those who assist them in shelters and refuges.
“Today environmental problems play a role in migration. Some migrations occur when there is either too much water, as in rising seas, tsunamis and floods, or not enough water. In these countries people depend on the environment for their livelihoods.”
Wennersten, John R. and Denise Robbins. Rising Tides: Climate Refugees in the 21st Century.
What is a coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses, some of which only affect animals whilst others can also cause illness in humans. The most recently discovered coronavirus, COVID-19, causes coronavirus disease, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus, which became known in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.