DTM: information for the protection of Venezuelan migrants

 

The new migration Flow of Venezuelans is one of the most dynamic in the Americas. In 2018, IOM estimates that there are around 2.3 million Venezuelans living abroad and that about 90% of them are in countries of South America. More than 1.6 million of these people abandoned Venezuela since 2015.

These figures demonstrate the need of collecting, exchanging and validating statistical information about the needs and characteristics of the population, with the goal of identifying vulnerabilities and improve their protection.

IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) was designed precisely to record and monitor the movements of migrant and refugee population. This information is used for decision making and for the development of actions, plans and public policies based on transparent, safe and reliable information.

How DTM works?

This study provides primary information about the mobility at the national or global level and it is composed of four components:

  • Mobility tracking: tracks the cross-sector needs and the movements of the population to focalize help and humanitarian assistance in the communities of origin and displacement zones.
  • Monitoring of Fluxes: registers movements of displaced people in certain points, when migration occurs gradually.
  • Records individual and household information for the selection of beneficiaries, which prioritizes vulnerability indicators.
  • Survey:  gathers specific information through population sampling about issues such as intent to return, displacement solutions, and commmunity perceptions, among others. 

Supporting the Venezuelan population. In response to massive migration of Venezuelans, IOM launched this year the Regional Action Plan (RAP) that provides technical support and humanitarian assistance to countries receiving this population in the Americas and the Caribbean. As a result, DTM is implemented in 16 countries of the region, including Costa Rica, Guyana, Mexico, Panama, and the Dominican Republic.

Nowadays, the information generated is being used to identify priority recipients of assistance and support, guaranteeing access to basic services in context of high demand. In addition, the system send alarms about needs of protection, food shortages, sanitary problems and diseases to coordinate with relevant authorities.

Likewise, the matrix is promoting prevention of human trafficking and other risks related to irregular migration by detecting vulnerable cases with the purpose of facilitating precise and relevant information that protects the Venezuelan population.

In this manner, States and stakeholders can know and jointly address the regional challenges for the attention and integration of Venezuelan migrants and the development of sustainable solutions.

Every report generated by DTM will be public and other specialized reports will be shared with governmental, academic and civil society actors in charge of providing services to migrants to enrich their intervention in favor of Venezuelan migrants.

This activity was funded by the The Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, by the U.S Department of State.

 

Bryan Brennan es consultor de Comunicaciones para el Plan de Acción Regional (RAP) de OIM. 


Human Mobility and the XXII Forum of Ministers of the Environment of Latin America and the Caribbean: Why is it important to prevent forced migration and address the needs of environmental migrants?

Human Mobility and the XXII Forum of Ministers of the Environment of Latin America and the Caribbean: Why is it important to prevent forced migration and address the needs of environmental migrants?
Categoria: Environmental Migration
Autor: Pablo Escribano

The XXII Forum of Ministers of the Environment of Latin America and the Caribbean met virtually on 1-2 February 2021 with a focus on the environmental dimensions of the post-pandemic recovery. Under the presidency of Barbados, discussions led by representatives of the 33 countries of the region focused on the promotion of sustainable development to combine the post-COVID-19 recovery with the fulfillment of the objectives of the Paris Agreement and the fight against climate change.

From a migration perspective, it should be noted that the countries of the region have made progress in integrating human mobility into their climate agenda. The recent report of the Secretary General of the United Nations on the progress made in the implementation of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration emphasizes the progress made by countries such as Belize, Guatemala and Peru in addressing climate migration.

However, it is important to remember that this integration continues to be limited to a restricted number of countries in the region. In fact, with some exceptions, few countries have advanced concrete commitments to address the drivers of climate migration and address the needs of migrants. This process requires the development of partnerships and a whole-of-government approach with entities in charge of various sectoral areas.

Ministries of the Environment play a fundamental role in this effort. Strategies such as climate change adaptation plans, nationally determined contributions, and national climate change policies offer opportunities to address climate migration.

The current pandemic context has once again highlighted the vulnerability of populations exposed to climate change in the region. In a context of restricted mobility and economic crisis, vulnerable communities generally have access to restricted livelihoods to cope with disasters and environmental degradation. The experience of Eta and Iota in Central America shows the extent to which multiple risk factors - including natural hazards, socioeconomic vulnerabilities and the pandemic - can create catastrophic scenarios in the region.

Integrating the migration perspective is essential to promote sustainable post-COVID-19 recovery plans. Human mobility is a fundamental feature of the social reality of Latin America and the Caribbean and the evidence shows that environmental and climatic factors will have a growing influence on these movements. Facilitating the resilience of communities so that they are not forced to migrate and meeting the needs of environmental migrants are crucial elements required to consolidate a solidary, comprehensive and sustainable recovery from the pandemic.