DTM: information for the protection of Venezuelan migrants

 

The new migration Flow of Venezuelans is one of the most dynamic in the Americas. In 2018, IOM estimates that there are around 2.3 million Venezuelans living abroad and that about 90% of them are in countries of South America. More than 1.6 million of these people abandoned Venezuela since 2015.

These figures demonstrate the need of collecting, exchanging and validating statistical information about the needs and characteristics of the population, with the goal of identifying vulnerabilities and improve their protection.

IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) was designed precisely to record and monitor the movements of migrant and refugee population. This information is used for decision making and for the development of actions, plans and public policies based on transparent, safe and reliable information.

How DTM works?

This study provides primary information about the mobility at the national or global level and it is composed of four components:

  • Mobility tracking: tracks the cross-sector needs and the movements of the population to focalize help and humanitarian assistance in the communities of origin and displacement zones.
  • Monitoring of Fluxes: registers movements of displaced people in certain points, when migration occurs gradually.
  • Records individual and household information for the selection of beneficiaries, which prioritizes vulnerability indicators.
  • Survey:  gathers specific information through population sampling about issues such as intent to return, displacement solutions, and commmunity perceptions, among others. 

Supporting the Venezuelan population. In response to massive migration of Venezuelans, IOM launched this year the Regional Action Plan (RAP) that provides technical support and humanitarian assistance to countries receiving this population in the Americas and the Caribbean. As a result, DTM is implemented in 16 countries of the region, including Costa Rica, Guyana, Mexico, Panama, and the Dominican Republic.

Nowadays, the information generated is being used to identify priority recipients of assistance and support, guaranteeing access to basic services in context of high demand. In addition, the system send alarms about needs of protection, food shortages, sanitary problems and diseases to coordinate with relevant authorities.

Likewise, the matrix is promoting prevention of human trafficking and other risks related to irregular migration by detecting vulnerable cases with the purpose of facilitating precise and relevant information that protects the Venezuelan population.

In this manner, States and stakeholders can know and jointly address the regional challenges for the attention and integration of Venezuelan migrants and the development of sustainable solutions.

Every report generated by DTM will be public and other specialized reports will be shared with governmental, academic and civil society actors in charge of providing services to migrants to enrich their intervention in favor of Venezuelan migrants.

This activity was funded by the The Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, by the U.S Department of State.

 

Bryan Brennan es consultor de Comunicaciones para el Plan de Acción Regional (RAP) de OIM. 


Interviewing Rubén Sánchez, Director of 'Zanmi'

Interviewing Rubén Sánchez, Director of 'Zanmi'
Categoria: Communication & Migration
Autor: Laura Manzi

‘Zamni' (2018) is one of the films that participated in the 2020 edition of the Global Migration Film Festival. The short film, which was selected to be screened at regional level by the Regional Office for Central America, North America and the Caribbean, narrates the experiences and daily lives of four Haitian migrants in Chile and their integration process in the South American country.

In this interview, the young director Rubén Sánchez, tells what objectives and motivations guided him towards the creation of the short film.

Why did you choose young Haitian migrants as the protagonists of your work? Is there something in their profile that makes them different from other migrant communities in Chile?

What struck us is that the Haitian population here in Chile is the one that finds it most difficult to integrate into society. One of the main reasons is that they speak another language, the Creole language, and that is an even bigger barrier considering that Chilean Spanish has many idioms and tends to be spoken very quickly. Another obstacle to integration is the racism and rejection of some sectors of society towards the Haitian population: whether because of ethnicity, nationality, language or other prejudices. This leads to more segregation and not integration.

In the short film, there are many scenes that portray different landscapes: the sea, the forest, the city. What is the role of nature in the integration process of migrants?

Climatic conditions and landscapes can be a challenge for integration. For example, Haiti is very flat, there are no mountains and the climate is tropical. Here in Chile, nature and microclimates are quite diverse (the north has higher temperatures, the south is more humid and rainy, while the central zone is a mixture of these).
Nature, however, has also a symbolic purpose in the documentary. The mountain range, which characterizes the Chilean landscape, is the great frontier that any person faces to reach Chile. This justifies the scene that opens and closes the film and represents one of the protagonists in the Embalse del Yeso, which is a place here in Santiago, in the middle of the mountain range. We wanted to film those scenes there as a more oneiric way of representing this enormous wall that is like a border to cross in order to reach Chile, and that at the same time symbolizes the great wall that is in the cultural shock that the Haitian population faces.

‘Life is a circle. A perfect circle of which we are not a part': the protagonists in the film have jobs, go to school, learn Spanish. Then, what are the elements that continue to prevent their integration into the host community, this 'circle' from which they are excluded?

The cultural shock is big. If the host society lives this 'fear of the unknown', the Haitian migrant population in turn reacts and this generates a fear of the community where they live. The lack of integration is made difficult by prejudice and because initiatives that value cultural richness are not promoted. I think this is what we lack as a society: to be more educated. If there is no good education, there will be no people who cannot integrate; we still need to be educated and 'humanized'. I feel that in some way we are also 'dehumanized'. This is what the documentary wants to capture: to reflect on the humanity that we need, the humanity that we need to integrate others, to show that we are all really the same, we are all human beings and we all have dreams.

How much is the director visible in his work? How come are you interested in the subject of migration?

The issue of Haitian migration was, for me, a personal concern, because I live in one of the cities in Chile with the largest Haitian population. I used to witness daily this rejection of the Haitian population in the eyes of the people, in comments that were exchanged by whispering in the bus when I went to the university. I was worried about that.
Also, before I enrolled in audiovisual communication, I studied social work, and had many courses on the migration issue and related social policies. I did a lot of research on Haitian migration, which allowed me to capture the central idea of the short film. During the shooting process, I had the opportunity to meet these young people (Haitian migrants), to live their culture, to taste their food. I was filled with a culture that I didn't know, I was filled with knowledge, with a new experience. I wish this documentary could reach more people, change who we are and cultivate our humanity.