The lack of consistent data and collection techniques among countries inhibits the accurate identification of migration trends, as well as the impact that migration has on the institutional framework, economy and wellbeing of people in a country or region.
Internal displacement, extractive transnational corporations and the protection of rights of affected communities20 / 03 / 2019 | Environmental Migration | Guest Contributor
The export of raw materials, hydrocarbons, and minerals occupy a prominent place in Latin America’s economic model. However, due to the extraction characteristics of some of these resources, environmental conflicts appear in several places around the continent.
Indigenous peoples occupy only 15% of the world's territory, but protect 80% of the remaining biodiversity on the planet, according to World Bank data. As with other populations, the actions of indigenous communities are those that least affect nature, but they are among the groups that suffer most strongly the consequences of climate change.
The economic impact of migration is still often driven by negative perceptions, jeopardizing efforts to adapt migration policies to the new economic and demographic challenges that many countries in the Caribbean are facing. The matter of fact is that movement of people can be crucial for development in a globalizing world and it has potential economic benefits. Therefore, this phenomenon requires a carefully-designed, sustainable policy response, and reports indicate that it needs to be seen as an opportunity for all.
Although the 1992 UN Framework Convention on Climate Change points that Parties have common but differentiated responsibilities on mitigating the effects of climate change, the harsh truth is that Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are suffering disproportionately from those effects, despite contributing less than 1 per cent total greenhouse gas emissions. Disasters due to natural hazards, many of which are exacerbated by climate change and which are increasing in frequency and intensity, have taken a heavy toll in the Caribbean. In 2017, the Atlantic Hurricane season displaced over 3 million people in a month.