Pablo Escribano

Pablo Escribano

Pablo Escribano is the Regional Thematic Specialist in Migration, Environment and Climate Change in the Regional Office for Central America, North America and the Caribbean of the International Organization for Migration (IOM). He has held various positions within IOM both at Geneva Headquarters and at the Regional Offices based in Brussels and Dakar. He has a Master's Degree in Political Science and a Master's Degree in History from the Institute of Political Studies in Paris.

Human Mobility and the XXII Forum of Ministers of the Environment of Latin America and the Caribbean: Why is it important to prevent forced migration and address the needs of environmental migrants?

The XXII Forum of Ministers of the Environment of Latin America and the Caribbean met virtually on 1-2 February 2021 with a focus on the environmental dimensions of the post-pandemic recovery. Under the presidency of Barbados, discussions led by representatives of the 33 countries of the region focused on the promotion of sustainable development to combine the post-COVID-19 recovery with the fulfillment of the objectives of the Paris Agreement and the fight against climate change.

This is what new displacements due to violence and disasters in the Americas look like

According to the 2020 report from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), in 2019 there were 33.4 million new internal displacements in the world, of which 24,855,000 were due to disasters and 8,553,800 due to conflict and violence. This represents the highest figure registered annually since 2012.

Extremos hidrológicos y migración: ¿Cómo el agua influencia los movimientos migratorios?

 

 “Today environmental problems play a role in migration. Some migrations occur when there is either too much water, as in rising seas, tsunamis and floods, or not enough water. In these countries people depend on the environment for their livelihoods.”

Wennersten, John R. and Denise Robbins. Rising Tides: Climate Refugees in the 21st Century.

Why is COP25 on climate change also a summit on human mobility?

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP25) is the most important annual event on this issue, as it allows its parties to advance in the design and implementation of measures to mitigate and adapt to climate change. This will be the last Convention before the Paris Agreement in 2020 enters into force and should allow for the completion of its regulation and to review the progress of the parties' commitments.

Disasters: the factor that internally displaces the most people in the Americas
On May 2019, the Internal Displacement Observatory (IDMC) published its global report on internal displacement due to conflicts and disasters. The report details new occurrences and confirms the persistence of political instability, chronic poverty and inequality, environmental and climate change as drivers of cyclical and protracted displacement.