How do Venezuelans live in Costa Rica during the pandemic?

Currently, more than 5 million Venezuelans have left their country due to the complex socio-political context. Of those, at least 4 million are in Latin American and Caribbean countries, according to data collected from governments by the Regional Interagency Coordination Platform for Refugees and Migrants from Venezuela (R4V).

Coronavirus Could Push More People to Move out of Necessity as Hunger Surges among Migrant and Displaced Communities Says New UN Report

Geneva/Rome – A new report has found global hunger and population displacement  – both already at record levels when COVID-19 struck – could surge as people on the move and those reliant on a dwindling flow of remittances desperately seek work to support their families. 

Between Borders: Stranded Migrants During the Pandemic

Panama, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic: these are just some of the countries in the Central America, North America, and Caribbean region where, since the beginning of the pandemic, groups of migrants have been stranded due to mobility restrictions and the closing of borders. These measures, promulgated by national governments with the aim of containing the international spread of the disease, affected both cross-border migrations to a country of destination and those of return to the community of origin, since they were all interrupted or hindered.

How has the pandemic affected migrant children?

In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the statistics and available data reveal that children belong to the population group that has suffered the least health impact, as they are less prone to the risk of infection, especially compared to older adults.

Dealing with two health emergencies: HIV and COVID-19 in migrant shelters

The living conditions of migrants, the intention to migrate to a previously established country of destination and the timing and logistics of migratory dynamics have been severely affected by COVID-19. The health emergency has implied not only the closure of borders, and the consequent restrictions on mobility, but also an increase in the health vulnerabilities of the migrant population, which on numerous occasions has been stranded in shelters in border areas. Such is the case of Haitian, and to a lesser extent Cuban, African and Asian migrants, whose migratory projects have been momentarily interrupted by the pandemic and who are now sheltering in Panama, near the border with Colombia, as their itinerary was obstructed by the border closures.

Migrants: the scapegoats of the economic crisis

Countering episodes of xenophobia against migrants is a major objective, which transcends temporal and geographical limits. According to the ECLAC definition, xenophobia is an atavistic problem that derives from the feeling of fear towards foreigners, different ethnic groups or people whose identity is unknown.

When human trafficking adapts/reacts to the pandemic

As reported by the Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime, human trafficking networks, as with other criminal groups, take advantage of people's vulnerability during a humanitarian crisis, such as COVID-19.

How have Assisted Voluntary Returns changed in Central America during the Pandemic?

Since 1979, the IOM has supported some 1.3 million migrants across the world through its Assisted Voluntary Return Programme (AVR). The program focuses on migrants who wish to return to their country of origin but without the means to do so. Persons from the migrant population that can access this program include: rejected asylum seekers applicants, victims of human trafficking, stranded migrants, and other vulnerable groups such as unaccompanied minors, among others.

5 Recommendations for Alternatives to Immigration Detention during COVID-19

Any legislation, policy or practice aimed at preventing the unnecessary detention of persons for reasons related to their migration status, can be considered as an alternative to migrant detention, whether formal or informal, according to IOM.

Action Required to Head Off Impacts of Plunge in Remittance Flows

Geneva- On 16 June, IOM comes together with partners to celebrate the International Day of Family Remittances (IDFR), in recognition of the significance of remittances to migrants, their families, and communities. While the IDFR has traditionally focused on financial flows, IOM highlights that these are merely the most easily traceable ways in which migrants contribute to well-being and development in countries of origin and destination.