In this context, the situation of migrant populations is aggravated by vulnerabilities such as precarious transit conditions, poor working and living conditions in their host countries. Migrant populations are more likely to live in overcrowded housing or to work in dangerous jobs for short-term contracts with limited or no sick leave. Some migrants, in regular or irregular situations, can have limited access to public health services, or may be afraid to access these services. They may also be excluded from public health information programming or they may lack the financial means to support self-isolation or quarantine periods.
It is important that governments adopt an inclusive approach to guarantee that all migrants, independent of their migratory status, and other non-nationals, are taken into account in the public health planning, response, and messaging. This includes: the adequate use of language, culturally appropriate recommendations and treatment methods, and guaranteeing that all migrants, in regular or irregular situations, can access health services without fear of stigma, arrest, or deportation, among others.