Migration and Health

Why coming home can be harder than leaving: the psychosocial challenges of being a returnee

According to IOM’s definition, reintegration is the re-incorporation of a person into a group or process, for example, of a migrant into the society of his or her country of origin or habitual residence. Reintegration is thus a process that enables the returnee to participate again in the social, cultural, economic and political life of his or her country of origin.

The health of migrants is not only determined by individual biological aspects, but also by broader socio-economic factors such as social and community networks, living conditions, education, employment, income and community safety.

World Health Day forces us to reflect on the habits that could cause a negative effect on our health and on the measures, we must take to minimize the risks to a disease. It forces us to eat better, to perform more physical activity, to avoid stress and fundamentally to perform medical examinations that allow us to detect and treat all kinds of illness in time. But what happens when people migrate? Many of those factors, habits and conditions that are already known and that determine your health are modified.