Strengthening Governments Migration Management Capacities
As the governance of borders and migration can pose enormous challenges to countries, amplified by a vastly and rapidly changing world, it is necessary to enhance migration management at various levels, in order to strengthen the combat against illegal activities and to ensure the protection of migrants’ rights.
In these matters, the challenges faced by the Mesoamerican and Caribbean countries are particularly complex, owing to limited resources and their present condition as countries of origin, transit and destination for important migration flows, many of which are made up of irregular and vulnerable migrants.
Moreover, the significant downturn in the security of migrants in transit through Mesoamerica, due to the high increase in the number and seriousness of the abuses and crimes committed against migrants, renders these tasks even more complex.
In this context, IOM prioritizes the development and strengthening of the most important capacities to ensure adequate migration management in three areas in particular: legal and procedural capacities; human and administrative capacities; and operational capacities. This approach not only helps the governments to develop more effective and appropriate policies, legislation and administrative structures, but also ensures that proper training is available at all levels along with modern technology solutions.
An essential part of migration management in the region deals with the fight against crime. The development of necessary tools and making them available to governments in the region is particularly important in order to tackle transnational organized crime, migrant smuggling, trafficking in persons and document forging.
Therefore, IOM’s regional strategy with regard to migration management will focus on supporting governments in the development of safe and humane border management practices, with the help of technological solutions to reach a balance between regulating and facilitating migration. Special emphasis will be placed on: entry and exit controls; monitoring changes of migration status, as well as overstay; forensic document examination, at both first and second border control lines, and identity management, specially in regards to document issuance.
Furthermore, in response to the challenge of collecting and processing migration data, statistics and intelligence, IOM will continue to promote the use of its Border Management Information System (MIDAS software) by the governments in the region. Moreover, partnerships with INTERPOL, ICAO and IATA will continue to be a priority. IOM will dedicate additional efforts in Central America to: train border police officers and promote their coordination with Police and Customs; and raise authorities’ awareness on the importance of developing and updating migration management systems and developing appropriate assessments of the situations at the border as a prerequisite to developing comprehensive migration governance strategies.