“Central America, North America and the Caribbean make up what is arguably the principal region of origin, transit, destination and return of migrants in the world.”
This region includes: the country of origin of the world’s largest number of emigrants; the corridor of the largest flow of migrants in transit worldwide; and the country of destination of the largest number of immigrants in the world. In addition, many countries of the region are home to what is perhaps the world’s greatest flow of returning migrants proportional to their total populations.
This region has been shaped by migration. Nevertheless, while migration has contributed significantly to the region’s development, everyday many migrants suffer abuse, discrimination, violence, exploitation, crime and even severe human rights violations. It is in this context that IOM’s Regional Policy Formulation and Coordination Committee conceived this 2014-2016 IOM Strategy for Central and North America and the Caribbean.
IOM’s strategy centers on seven strategic working areas:
- Enhancing protection of the most vulnerable migrants.
- Strengthening governments’ migration management capacities
- Capitalizing on the benefits of orderly migration.
- Maintaining health as a migration priority;
- Responding effectively in scenarios of emergency and Crisis
- Raising awareness on climate change and disaster prevention;
- Helping governments to improve their migration policy.
In each one of these working areas, IOM will pursue the following nine objectives:
- Fight against xenophobia and discrimination.
- Contribute to the public’s increased knowledge of migration.
- Enhance IOM’s involvement and expertise in regional processes and organizations.
- Strengthen migrants’ protection and reduce migrants’ vulnerabilities.
- Promote the continuity of governments’ migration management capacities.
- Promote the use of IOM tools and approaches to manage migration crises and situations where insecurity is impacting migration dynamics.
- Strengthen governments’ capacity to respond to disaster-induced population displacement.
- Strengthen partnerships with the private sector.
- Reinforce IOM’s partnerships with donors.
To achieve these objectives, IOM will implement, in all of its actions in the region, an approach that will put migrants’ rights first, will build governments’ and stakeholders’ capacities, will fully incorporate a gender perspective, and will ensure sustainability.
IOM’s ultimate goal is to strengthen migration governance in the region and ensure humane and orderly migration which benefits all.