The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is an intergovernmental organization established in 1951.
IOM was created in response to the chaos and displacement of Western Europe that ensued after the Second World War and for years, it was known as the Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movement of Migrants from Europe (PICMME). During this period, IOM mandate centered on helping the governments of Europe in identifying countries of possible resettlement for the more than 11 million persons displaced by the war.
Subsequently, the PICMME underwent a series of transformations that changed not only the organization’s name but their functions as well. In 1952, the organization was renamed as the Intergovernmental Committee for Migration (CIM) and was again renamed in 1989 as the International Organization for Migration (IOM). At that same time, the Organization was transforming from a logistic body to an Organization that focused on all aspects of migration.
Since its inception as a logistic operative body, IOM has extended its scope to include working with governments and civil societyto promote the understanding of migration, encourage socioeconomic development through migration and to defend the human dignity and the wellbeing of migrants.
In 1998, IOM was present in 67 member countries and by August of 2013, the number of member countries had more than doubled. Currently (December 2013), IOM counts 155 member countries, 11 observer countries and it is anticipated that this number will continue to grow in the coming years.